Second-order evolution is statistically improbable!

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09/01/2023 14:40

Second-order evolution, with a change in the number of chromosomes, is theoretically possible but practically improbable.

Impossible.

Recently, scientists and mathematicians have been re-undermining Darwinian theory, except for the principle of natural selection, which has a scientifically proven explanation. We are very close to a situation in which quantum supercomputers, combined with artificial intelligence dedicated to genetics, can perform genetic simulations and refute the theory of second-order evolution while changing the number of chromosomes. Note: The post's explanation is based on common sense. An in-depth understanding of genetics is not required.

 

Introduction to Darwinian evolution. 

Link: Evolution (Wikipedia)

The theory of evolution (which Charles Darwin presented in his book The Origin of the Species, published in 1859) is widely accepted among scientists, thanks to genetic analysis and preserved fossils that show gradual development through natural selection. 

The principle of natural selection: (Correct principle)

The principle of natural selection reflects that genetic changes contributing to competitive advantage and survival will be passed on to future generations through heredity. Changes that cause the opposite will disappear gradually. (Because the individual will not survive to reproduce)

  • Suppose you look at the changes caused by natural selection. In that case, you will notice that these are relatively minor changes, such as the elongation of the giraffe's neck so that it can lap leaves at a higher altitude, better camouflage colors in reptiles, a suitable beak for fishing in water birds, and more. These minor changes, caused by random mutations, cause genetic changes in future generations only if they serve the survival of that species.

 

Second-order evolution, while changing the number of chromosomes, is unlikely.

Unlike in first-order evolution, second-order genetic changes, with a change in the number of chromosomes, reflect a severe genetic malfunction, which usually leads to death or disabilities. (Just for the sake of indication, Down syndrome (causes mental retardation) is the result of a genetic malfunction that creates 47 chromosomes instead of 46.

  • Second-order evolution, with a change in the number of chromosomes, is improbable. All fossil family trees are nothing more than a trail of orange peels! The fossils tell a true story—only it's not random; extraterrestrials created it.

It is essential to emphasize that the conclusion applies to all mammals and other species and rejects all accepted explanations of life on Earth.

  • Paradoxically, the theory of evolution (second-order) has established family trees with countless reliable fossil findings, which confirm the theory without any doubt, making it a theory with a perfect alibi but logically wrong!
  • In Charles Darwin's time, there was no science of genetics like there is today. Still, because the theory is so entrenched, no one bothered to test whether second-order evolution was practically possible with a change in the number of chromosomes.

Since mammals do not have virgin reproduction, the first apes with 46 chromosomes (our ancestors) had to start with the first individuals. The problem is that simulations, even relatively simple ones, demonstrate this is completely unlikely statistically.

In mammals, an odd number of chromosomes creates problems because chromosomes always come in pairs. (A pair from each side)

  • Hybridization of horses (with 64 chromosomes) and donkeys (with 62 chromosomes) is possible and creates mules with 63 chromosomes. Hybridization is possible because horses and donkeys are very similar genetically. At the same time, mules cannot reproduce. They are not fertile.
  • People with Down syndrome (47 chromosomes) sometimes (usually not) have the possibility of conceiving and having children, but obviously, the result cannot bring about a survival advantage through natural selection.

 

The simulation of the first humans, with 46 chromosomes, originating from apes. (Illustrated very briefly)

  • Although theoretically, it is possible to reduce chromosomes, add, multiply, or by one and a half times and thus reach any theoretical number, in practice, this is completely unlikely.

Apes have 48 chromosomes, while for us, Homesapiens only have 46 chromosomes. Now, let's see in a simple simulation what it takes to turn apes into our ancestors, human apes with 46 chromosomes. (All fossils found were humanoid with 46 chromosomes) Two chromosomes can be reduced to 46 directly or through two reduction iterations: 

A human-like ape born with 47 chromosomes: (Impossible scenario)

  • Chances are, the Huma-like ape is not fertile.
  • Chances are that the huma-like ape is sick or disabled. (Lacks critical proteins) 

In an extreme scenario, indeed, the same ape-human is fertile.

  • According to the principle of natural selection, even if fertile, the ape is unlikely to produce any survival advantage for future generations.
  • The odd number of chromosomes can create diseases in the offspring as well! (survival disadvantage)

There is also the possibility of a mutation that is the same with 47 chromosomes but in a member of the opposite sex.

  • Such a case is theoretically possible, but it is worth noting that the probability of independent events is the result of multiplying very low probabilities, which must be multiplied by the likelihood that these two will meet randomly and produce offspring.

Chances are that an odd number of chromosomes, even in two individuals, will cause infertility. (Similar to the situation with mules)

 

A human-like ape is born with 46 chromosomes. (Similar to humans) 

  • Chances are that the huma-like ape is sick or disabled. (Lacks critical proteins) 

If fertile and mated with an ape with 48 chromosomes, then his offspring would have 47 chromosomes and probably be sick, disabled, or infertile.

There is also the possibility of a mutation that is the same with 46 chromosomes but in a member of the opposite sex.

  • Such a case is theoretically possible, but it is worth noting that the probability of independent events is the result of multiplying very low probabilities, which must be multiplied by the likelihood that these two will meet randomly and produce offspring.

Since monkeys (as in most mammals) have almost no incest, the continuation of the 46-chromosome lineage requires at least another individual with 46 chromosomes who is not from the nuclear family (parents and children), making the statistics impossible.

 

When I statistically calculate (according to estimates) the probability of such an event, the result is about 10 to the power of minus 30 to minus 50! These numbers are so small that they don't even have names in the lexicon.

No (sane) scientist would dare to speak out against the theory of Darwinian evolution, for the entire scientific community would immediately condemn their views! And research grants will stop. 

  • I traveled especially to the channel with Mrs. Siagalit Levy to verify this strange insight. Extraterrestrials have made it unequivocally clear that humans do not originate from apes. Humans were brought to Earth and originated from another planet. (They wouldn't say where humans came from)

Continue reading: Extraterrestrials Must Have Accelerated Human Evolution.

Humans did not evolve from apes. If scientists were to perform relatively simple simulations, they would find that this is unlikely.

 

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